How Do Daffodils Reproduce

How Do Daffodils Reproduce?

How do little baby daffodils appear? It’s time to learn all about the daffodil birds and the bees and find out how exactly daffodils reproduce.

How Do Daffodils Reproduce
How Do Daffodils Reproduce

Two Different Ways

Daffodils actually have two completely different ways of reproducing. They can reproduce by creating seeds in a good old-fashioned way and also by creating new bulbs.

Seed

Not many gardeners will grow daffodils from seed, and the reason for this is pretty simple, it can take a good few years from sowing until the young plant will flower.

This just makes it much less practical to grow daffodils from seed, but it can be done.

Seed heads are produced in abundance on daffodils and if you are not planning on growing new plants from seed then these seed heads should be regularly removed.

Growing daffodils from seed is really only done by dedicated growers looking to cross different flower styles to make new daffodils. It can take 5-7 years from sowing a daffodil seed to it flowering for the first time!

Pollination of seeds is often very poor in the wild and it is rare for them to ever pollinate. Most pollination has to be done by hand by gardeners. This is because the pollen is heavy and doesn’t fly easily on the wind and the flowers themselves don’t really attract pollinators.

Daffodil Seed Heads
Daffodil Seed Heads

Even though the seed heads are swollen here it is actually very unlikely they actually contain any seeds. This is purely down to daffodils suffering from poor pollination in the wild.

Bulb Division

This is the main way that daffodils reproduce. New bulbs will constantly form next to the original bulb, forming a cluster of bulbs.

Each of these new bulbs is a clone of the mother plant, they are still attached to the mother but can be separated and survive.

This is why daffodils tend to form really large clumps of flowers, the clumps will have started off as a single bulb and now formed into a huge cluster of bulbs through extra bulbs being created.

Dig and Divide

After a good few years, it may be time to dig up and divide your clumps of daffodils. Over time they can become too crowded and the growth and flowering of your plants can be affected.

Just keep an eye on large clumps of daffodils that no longer have the same luster they did in their younger years.

Dividing them is simple enough, just dig up the entire clump and then prise some of the bulbs apart and plant them in another area of the garden.

As a result, both clumps will be reinvigorated and grow successfully for many more years before once again needing to be divided.

Will Daffodils Spread?

If you are worried about daffodils spreading and taking over your garden then don’t be, they simply don’t do that.

Rather than spreading at a rapid rate like an invasive plant would daffodils instead slowly spread out in a clump.

They would never take over your garden as the individual clumps themselves tend to run out of energy once they reach say a 45cm diameter spread.

So no, daffodils aren’t going to take over your garden, but would that be such a bad thing anyway?

Conclusion

Daffodils reproduce in two different ways. They can reproduce asexually through bulb division or sexually through pollination and seed production.

Pollination is rare through and most daffodils reproduce through bulb division.